Industry's first three-POD system adds redundant spare, reducing risk of a POD-related stack pull by up to 73%.
The BOP, a primary component of the subsea drilling stack system, contains wellbore pressures by sealing around or shearing through drillpipe, as necessary. A subsea control system’s point of distribution (POD) is the component by which BOPs and other parts of the subsea stack are operated, often in water depths to 12,000 ft (3658 m). Retrieval of the subsea control system POD for unexpected maintenance can cost drillers several days of downtime and millions of dollars.
Conventional subsea BOP control systems use a two-POD design, providing a single redundant spare POD. This means that if the primary POD becomes unavailable, drillers can switch to the second POD to control the BOPs and seal the well before bringing the BOP stack to the surface to repair the non-working POD. Unfortunately, this also means that the stack still must be pulled for repair if one of the two PODs fails.
In response to the need for added redundancy to further reduce downtime, Cameron has introduced its Mark IV high-availability (HA) BOP control system, featuring the industry’s first three-POD design as an option for subsea BOPs, which eliminates the need to pull the stack if the primary POD fails.
Mark IV HA BOP control system design, capabilities
The Mark IV HA BOP control system is built upon the field-proven, industry-standard technology of the Mark III design. We improved upon our Mark III two-POD technology to allow for an innovative three-POD configuration without increasing the size of the subsea stack.
In addition, the new system allows drillers to continue operating when one POD becomes unavailable. The non-working POD can be repaired when the stack is pulled for scheduled maintenance. Because of this configuration, our Mark IV HA BOP control system improves operational availability to as much as 98% and reduces the likelihood of a POD-related stack pull by up to 73%. Each time a BOP stack is run to the wellhead, there is risk of damage, failures, and contamination of the environment. By reducing the need to retrieve the stack in the event of a control POD failure, the risks associated with the retrieval and rerunning of the stack are reduced as well.
Each Mark IV HA POD also increases functionality over the Mark III POD by 33%. The simplified design improves reliability and creates a smaller footprint. Tubing connections have been reduced by 50%, therefore decreasing potential leak paths. Redundant solenoid pilot regulators have been added so that they are no longer a single point of failure within the POD. Pressure-compensated pilot accumulators adjust automatically for water depth, mitigating the risk of human error and reducing maintenance costs. POD size was reduced by 26% and the weight is one-third less than competing control PODs.
What it takes to win
Each year, OTC recognizes technologies in the offshore energy sector through its Spotlight on New Technology awards. Cameron's Mark IV HA BOP control system met all five criteria, making it one of the 2015 award winners.
New – Our BOP control system was developed in June 2014 and was ready for commercialization in September 2014, so it has been available to the marketplace for less than one year.
Innovative – The system's design is revolutionary because no other BOP control system utilizes three PODs; they only use two PODs. It was engineered with a three-POD configuration without increasing the size of the subsea stack.
Proven – The Mark IV system is built upon our field-proven Mark III system's technology, which is an industry-standard technology that has been improved to allow for an additional POD.
Broad Interest – The control POD operates all subsea stack functions, so our improved Mark IV control POD helps enhance reliability and availability, saving drillers and operators time and money.
Significant Impact – Our new technology provides benefits beyond existing technologies by improving operational availability. The system also lowers the risk of damage, failures, and contamination of the environment by reducing the need to retrieve the stack in the event of a control failure.